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Capon

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Roast capon

Roast capon.

Photo © Alison Miksch / Getty Images
Definition: A capon is a rooster that has been castrated before reaching sexual maturity.

The reason a rooster is made into a capon has mostly to do with the quality of the meat. But also, a capon is less aggressive than a rooster and is easier to handle.

Capon meat is tender and flavorful, compared with rooster meat, which can be quite gamy. Capon meat is also relatively fatty, and has a high proportion of white meat. The difference between capon meat and rooster meat is due to the absence of sexual hormones.

The process of making a rooster into a capon is called caponization. A capon is usually castrated at around 8 weeks of age or earlier. Capons are generally slaughtered at around 10 months of age or younger.
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